Cyber Science Camp – Pt. 2

LESSON 5 – Week 4 – 6-26-2020

Bird Life Cycles + Fun Arts & Crafts

In these activities, we focus on the life cycles of birds, with an emphasis of parental care & adaptations for survival in young birds. Some birds are born relatively mature the moment of hatching – precocial. They are covered in warm, fuzzy down, are able to follow the parent & eat on their own almost immediately. Most stay with their family and benefit from parental protection through development & learning. Other birds are completely dependent on their parents, born helpless and dependent – altricial. These hatchlings are naked, blind, and remain in the nest dependent on their parents for food, warmth, and protection. This condition persists for a considerable length of the time that birds have during their mating season, making it difficult for some migratory birds to engage in additional attempts at reproduction if they lose their offspring to adverse weather conditions or predators late in the season. Altricial birds have several stages of their development that can be recognized by physiological & behavioral characteristics: as hatchlings that are totally helpless; as nestlings that have few or no feathers & they perch, hop or walk; as fledglings they have some or all of their flight feathers & may leave the nest just before taking flight.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
Do all birds build nests?

Do birds use nests year-round?

Are chicks & eggs safe from predators in nests?

What is natural selection?

What is sexual selection & how does it lead to traits that ensure reproduction? (grades 9-12)

How have natural selection & sexual selection worked together to influence bird evolution? (grades 9-12)

How to use arts+crafts to learn more about birds.



To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

Grade levels K-12 – Nest and Chicks! (book purchase required for full lessons, but can use these links for educational materials without purchasing the book) https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/june/

Nest and Chicks Worksheet:  https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Feathered-Friends-Home-Connections-June.pdf

On Bird Hill supplemental videos & activities:  https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/on-bird-hill/

On Bird Hill book (purchase link): https://cornelllabpgstore.com/product/on-bird-hill-obh-series-book-1/?v=7516fd43adaa

On Bird Hill Teacher Supplemental Guide:  https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/95627/NEW%20On%20Bird%20Hill%20-%20Educational%20Guide%20v2.pdf

Grade level K-8 – Life Cycles: Birds Growing Up Lesson Plan https://docs.google.com/document/d/1xe9s0wXmk_jsYPj-4zkRCD7-T5p7cvTXrTDL7tXx_AU/edit#

Grade level K-2 Power Point https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1jHBFuLcYgMV-9K2H6n5EwV6B4AA2qj2hVKpM3zy8fdY/edit#slide=id.g725e17065a_0_192

Grade level 3-5 Power Point https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1zX-6E-LPSJg9s1Mh8H8Ng4oCWHFUoBrEB0rLv8UE7y4/edit#slide=id.g725e17065a_0_192

Grade level 6-8 Power Point https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1T1zmEQ4LE9Sa-A1AWC1fJriPntp6HQmfgTef9VzfOOw/edit#slide=id.g725e17065a_0_192

Grade level 9-12 – Evolution in Paradise Lesson Plan                    https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/95627/BoP%20curriculum%202019.pdf

Evolution in Paradise video lessons 1-3: https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/evolution/

Useful links:

  1. Grade K-12 Cornell Bird Cams https://www.allaboutbirds.org/cams/
  2. Grade level K-12 Features of a Good Bird House https://nestwatch.org/learn/all-about-birdhouses/features-of-a-good-birdhouse/

Hands-on activities to learn more about birds through arts & crafts: bird_cycleDownload

  1. Grade K-4 Life Cycle of a Bird Matching & Coloring Sheet (pdf attachment)
  2. Grade level K-12  Draw a Bird with David Sibley https://www.audubon.org/get-outside/activities/audubon-for-kids

Step-by-step guide: https://nas-national-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/sparrow_sketch_steps.pdf

Salt Marsh Sparrow Coloring Book Page: https://nas-national-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/sparrow_coloring_sketch.pdf

  1. Grade level K-12 Peanut Butter Bird Feeder https://jmgkids.us/peanut-butter-bird-feeder/
  2. Grade Level K-12 Bird Activities & Fun Ideas For Kids https://www.childfun.com/themes/animals/birds/

TEKS Alignments

Multiple & varying Science, Math & English educational standards are listed within each linked lesson

……….END Lesson 5 …………………………………….


LESSON 4 – Week 4 – 6-25-2020

Flight & Migration

Birds are one of three groups of animals that have evolved the ability to fly – insects and bats are the other animals that evolved to fly. Birds are impressive flyers due to their speed, maneuverability, and the distances they can travel, especially during migration. There are several characteristics that birds share, some are unique to only birds, while others are found among other animals. All birds have feathers, and birds are the only modern living (extant) organism to have feathers, although their ancient dinosaur relatives had feathers, too. All birds also lay eggs, have beaks, are bipedal, and have wings, though these characteristics are not unique to only birds.  Most birds have hollow bones, can fly, make nests, raise their young, and display vocal characteristics (singing).

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
Common features of modern birds & their dinosaur ancestors.
Some of the adaptations birds have to enable them to fly.
What are the costs/benefits of flight adaptations in birds?
What are the 4 forces of flight & how do they interact?
How birds use flight: migration, courtship, food finding, predator escape.
The 4 main wing shapes & how birds use them to control flight.

To complete this lesson you will need:

Begin with these lessons:

  1. Grades (K-12) –Bird Flight Lesson Plan: Flap To the Future https://educators.brainpop.com/lesson-plan/bird-flight-lesson-plan-flap-future/

Student Guide: Flap To the Future https://cdn-educators.brainpop.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Flap-to-the-Future-About.pdf

Interactive Game: Flap To the Future https://www.brainpop.com/games/flaptothefuture/

Student Handbook/Activities Guide: Grades 6-8: Flap To the Future https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/95627/K-12%20Education/Exploring%20Bird%20Evolution_FINAL-1.pdf

Useful links:

  1. Grades (7-12) –  Birds Inherited Colored Eggs From Dinosaurs https://www.audubon.org/news/birds-inherited-colorful-eggs-dinosaurs
  2. Grades (7-12) – Dinosaur Egg Color Had a Singe Evolutionary Origin https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0646-5
  3. Grades (7-12) – 11 Terrifying Dinosaurs That Rocked Feathers Better Than Birds https://www.audubon.org/news/11-terrifying-dinosaurs-rocked-feathers-better-birds

Hands-on activities to learn about the evolution of flight & migration in birds:

  1. Grades (K-12)  –  Animals In Flight: Activity 4 Flap Like A Bird https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/animals-in-flight/
  2. Grades (4-12)  –  Birds and Their Wing Shapes https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/BirdWingTypes-Handout.pdf
  3. Grades (K-8)  –  Flight and Migration Lesson Plan https://docs.google.com/document/d/1_tBH_NCu9lo8OE39QocyWKkBP9tTLRmfv5w1kkFdcCM/edit

Grades (K-2)  –  Power Point Presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1GPKtL-rFrfgSXSePcLZMVKjTOM-jCsEZlpLn-OhnDPM/edit#slide=id.g7395d6a963_1_84

Grades (3-5)  –  Power Point Presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1ZqcG2ftF206_cv1fmgJGQGQIE2vY5spfc10iSTm8bU4/edit#slide=id.g7395d6a963_1_84

Grades (6-8) – Power Point Presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1KJsdGpEhOKxjcsnsOl3zpIqsZ_NesTekPk1gyMmgdcE/edit#slide=id.g7395d6a963_7_152

TEKS Alignment  
Multiple & varying Science,
Math & English educational standards are listed within each linked lesson

…….End Lesson 4 ………………………………

LESSON 3 – Week 4 – 6-24-2020

Bird Watching In Action: Applying 4 Keys To Bird ID

Learning to correctly identify birds does not mean you must memorize long lists of names. By focusing on patters that involve the size, shape, color, behavior, and habitats of birds, we can collect enough clues to identify the birds we are observing. Using these skills also increases our connectivity to the natural world, and sharpens skills that require observational skills like patience, listening, focus, and quiet – all skills needed for children and adults in a busy world and hectic times. In today’s lesson, we go deeper into applying these pattern methods to identify birds by showing each skill, and demonstrating how to apply them in real-life settings through virtual video hikes and lessons designed to get you & your kids outdoors observing nature. 



Inside this lesson, you will learn:
How to sharpen your bird watching skills: focused on 4 key features of birds. 

How to identify 50+ birds by sound – playing Bird Song Hero!

How to use free apps for phone, tablet, computer to assist in learning birds.



To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

Inside Birding: Size & Shape – https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/inside-birding-size-shape/

Inside Birding: Color Pattern – https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/inside-birding-color-pattern/

Inside Birding: Understanding Behavior – https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/inside-birding-behavior/

Inside Birding: Habitat –https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/inside-birding-habitat/

Hands-on activities to learn about bird watching & applying skills of beginning birding:

  1. Grades (K-12) – Bird Song Hero: The Song Learning Game for Everyone https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/bird-song-hero/
  2. Grades (K-8) – Who’s That Bird? Basics of Bird ID 

Teacher Background & Student Worksheets: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1C4oHhPVsL4CzhDfzXBgkZp5m9Y-nLWNpgEpcTWPoZvY/edit#

Grades (K-2)-  Power Point
Presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1u3JNzZ7Yk_k1zpuMlfhjmdD5hD96Dcs8z9S_9gZ2mCw/edit#slide=id.g730da3f1f3_0_124

Grades (3-5) Power Point Presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1sHmh02yisJVRU3tc7FEgWCIuqkfnzo81RjqmX8JIG4A/edit#slide=id.p

Grades (6-8) – Power Point Presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Z9GWlulaz8rIC3yg735H5Itk5FOMuIiq41dB2u1YhdI/edit#slide=id.p

Useful links: 

  1. Bird ID Apps for phone, tablet, computer: https://igamemom.com/apps-about-birds/
  2. Dissecting the Foodwed: Owl Pellet Kit (purchase required for kit): https://www.birds.cornell.edu/k12/owl-pellet-kit/

TEKS Alignments
Diversity of Life 4.10-5.10B
Structure & Function 7.12A
Investigations 6.2-8.2
Problems & Solutions 6.3-8.3A
Biology 112.34 Evolutionary Theory 7C-E

Additional standards alignments listed within embedded link

……END Lesson 3 ………………………..

LESSON 2 Week 4 6-23-2020

Keys To Bird Watching

Birds are amazing creatures that come in a wide array of shapes, sizes & colors. Birds also cover large landscapes, many migrating seasonally hundreds or thousands of miles, making their habitat range vast and covering most of the planet.  Birds live along side humans in city, urban and rural environments, making them easy to find anywhere. In today’s lesson, we will use pattern methods to make learning how to identify birds easier. These lessons do not require the use of binoculars, but it is recommended to invest in a pair of binoculars for those interested in moving from bird watching into the art & science of birding.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:

Key features of birds for quick identification.

How to get started learning to recognize birds.

The guides, apps & books most useful for beginners.

How to use bird watching to learn about bird behaviors.

How bird shapes give clues to the bird’s identity.



To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

Hands-on activities to learn about birds:

Useful links:

TEKS Alignments
Diversity of Life 4.10-5.10B
Structure & Function 7.12A
Investigations 6.2-8.2
Problems & Solutions 6.3-8.3A
Biology 112.34 Evolutionary Theory 7C-E
Additional standards alignments listed within embedded links

Photo Credit: https://madmoosemama.blogspot.com/2011/11/birding-what-does-it-all-mean.html



…..END Lesson 2 ……………………………….

LESSON 1 Week 4 6-22-2020

Bird Basics

This week is dedicated to learning all about Avians, which is another name for birds and comes from the biological classification of birds in the class Aves, a group of warm-blooded vertebrate animals. From their dinosaur ancestors, birds have evolved into an amazingly diverse group, with 243 living bird families! Some key characteristics of birds include having feathers, toothless beaked jaws, laying hard-shelled eggs & hollow bones. Birds are living feathered theropod dinosaurs & their closest living relatives are crocodiles. Fossilized evidence shows that birds evolved from ancient species, like Archaeopteryx which first appeared 160 million years ago (mya) in China. According to DNA evidence, modern birds evolved in the Middle to Late Cretaceous, and diversified dramatically around the time of the extinction event 66 mya, which killed off the pterosaurs and all non-avian dinosaurs.

Birds are social organisms and as such they pass on knowledge across generations. Birds communicate though several methods including visual signals that are seen in their bright colors & feather displays used for courtship & defense, through vocal calls & songs, and through behaviors like cooperative breeding, group hunting, flocking & predator mobbing.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:


Some of the special anatomy birds have & how that helps them fly.

Why are feathers special?

What do the different bird beaks tell about each bird?

Bird anatomy and location interactive info-graphic activity & fun quiz. (grades 6-12)

Distinguishing features of bird groups.





To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

Hands-on activities to learn about birds:

TEKS Alignments
Structure & Function 4.10-5.10A, 7.12A
Biology 112.34 Evolutionary Theory 7E
Each activity linked through the exercises has additional TEKS alignments not listed

Photo credits: https://www.h-its.org/2014/12/12/in-science-big-data-explain-evolution-of-birds/

…..END Lesson 1 …………………………………………

LESSON 5 Week 3 6-19-2020

Honey Bees At Work: Insect Pollinators Helping Humans

This week we have focused on pollination & the importance of pollinators. Today’s lesson is devoted to honey bees, one of the most important organisms to human agriculture – as livestock that supply honey, and as critical to the production of many different crops.  Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are essential to global agriculture because they serve as pollinators for many economically important crops. Honey bees also produce other valuable products that aid in human health, such as pollen products, propolis, honey & wax. Honey bees aid natural ecosystems by the pollination services they provide to plants, helping maintain plant gene flows.  Pollinator populations are declining worldwide due to several factors that compound the problem when added together, including increased use of pesticides & herbicides, habitat loss & destruction, declines in nectar & pollen diversity, and pollution of waterways.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
Why are honey bees important to protect?
What are beneficial products harvested from honey bees?
Honey bee life cycles & life stages.
Basic biology of honey bee anatomy & social structure.
What is it like to look inside of a beehive?
Hands-on crafts to learn about bees while learning about honey density, tensegrity strength of honeycomb.
Learning labs to observe+test honey bee ‘reading’ & memory.
Learning labs to observe & record the sounds of a live hive.


To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson, advance to the next:

  1. Grade level K-12 – Benefits of Honey Bees Teacher/Leader Guide (see attached PDF)
  2. Grade level K-12 – Honey Bee Anatomy & Life Cycle Teacher/Leader Guide (see attached PDF)

Benefits-of-Honey-BeesDownload Honey-Bee-Anatomy-Life-CycleDownload

Useful links:

  1. Grade level K-12 Inside a Live Hive! Field Trip to the Apiary
    1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUYer4cZkUE
    2. Grade level K-12 Port Jefferson Demonstration Hive Field Trip

Hands-on activities to learn about honey bees:

  1. Grade level K-12 Honey Density (see attached PDF)

Bee-Education _HoneyDensity_ HexagonStrength _HiveSoundDownload

Compare the density of several household sweeteners to learn about molecule sizes & spaces.

  1. Grade levels 6-12 What’s The Buzz? (see above attached PDF)

Record the acoustics of a live hive to learn how honey bees use sound to communicate information.

Watch this beekeeper drop a live mic into a hive: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCrcEjeAl_E

  1. Grade levels K-5 Seedballs (see attached PDF)

SeedBalls_BeeReading Download

Hands-on messy fun activity to help all pollinators, including honey bees, by making these clay+compost+seed balls to plant in your garden.

  1. Grade levels 6-12 Bee Reading & Learning (see above attached PDF)

Test the skills of honey bees to recognize shapes & memory recall using a series of observations & sugar water.

  • Grade levels K-12 Honeycomb Strength (attached PDF)

Bee-Education_HoneyDensity _HexagonStrength_HiveSound-1 Download

Compare the tensile strength of 3 shapes – triangle, square, hexagon.

Source – Beekeepers Lab by Kim Lehman https://www.bookdepository.com/Beekeepers-Lab-Kim-Lehman/9781631592683


….END Lesson 4 ………………………………………

LESSON 4 Week 3 6-18-2020

Where Do Insects Go In the Winter?

We have already learned about insect life cycles, and we know that insects are one of the largest and most diverse groups of organisms on Earth. Have you ever wondered what they do in the winter? Do they move? Do they die? Do they hibernate?  This lesson will focus on all the strategies that insects use to survive winter temperatures and long periods of time when their floral resources like pollen, nectar, and green leafy tissues for larvae are not available. Insects are very susceptible to the freezing temperatures in winter. This is because they are not able to control their body temperature outside of a small range of the surrounding air temperature, which is know as ectothermic. 

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What happens to insects during winter?
What is an ectothermic animal?
What the terms migration, torpor, hibernation, and diapause mean & how they apply to insects.
How is antifreeze used by insects?
What are the different types of diapause? (grades 3-12)
What environmental clues trigger Monarch migrations? (grades 3-12)
What are the different types of migrations? (grades 3-12)





To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

  1. Grade level K-12 – Where Do Insects Go In Winter? Teacher/Leader Guide https://www.thoughtco.com/where-do-insects-go-in-winter-1968068
  1. Grade level K-12 – What Does Ectothermic Mean? Teacher/Leader Guide https://www.thoughtco.com/ectothermic-definition-2291709Grade level 3-12 – What is Diapause?
  2. Grade level PreK-2 –  Diapuase Facts for Kids https://kids.kiddle.co/Diapause
  1. Grade level 3-12 – How Do Monarchs Know When To Migrate? https://www.thoughtco.com/monarchs-know-when-to-migrate-1968175Grade level 3-12 – All About Insect Migration
  2. Grade level 3-12 – All About Insect Migration https://www.thoughtco.com/insect-migration-1968156

Useful links:

  1. Grade level PreK-6 Creative Insect STEM Activities for Kids

Hands-on activities to learn about overwintering strategies:

  1. Grade level K-12 Classroom Activities About Hibernation https://www.teachhub.com/classroom-activities-about-hibernation
  1. Grade level K-2 Butterfly Migration Activities for 2nd Grade https://classroom.synonym.com/butterfly-migration-pattern-activities-2nd-grade-33592.html

  2. Grade levels 5-12 Monarch Butterfly Life Cycle & Migration https://media.nationalgeographic.org/assets/activity/assets/monarch-butterfly-life-cycle-and-migration-1.pdf

Or interactive version: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/activity/monarch-butterfly-life-cycle-and-migration/

TEKS Alignments
Diversity of Life 7.11B
Interdependence: Basic Needs 2.9B


…..END LESSON 4 …………………………

LESSON 3 Week 3 6-17-2020

Insect Life Cycles & Classification

Insects play very important roles in all ecosystems. They serve several critical roles in the food web beyond those that are pollinators. Insects can be beneficial for plants and can assist in controlling pests and diseases that infect plants. While insects are tiny compared to larger mammals like humans, you might be surprised to learn that if you added up all the insects on Earth, they would outweigh all the people! In fact, there are more that 1 million known species of insects – compare that to the 4,500 known mammal species, and you can start to see why insects make up so much biomass.  This can make learning insects seem overwhelming, and that is why we use dichotomous keys to help us determine which group or Order that an insect belongs.  Insects have unique life cycles that involve complete metamorphosis (egg-larva-pupa-adult) or incomplete metamorphosis (egg-nymph-adult).   There are key characteristics in common among all insects that you can learn to help you quickly determine if an organism is an insect:

3 body parts -head, thorax,

abdomen

6 legs

2 antennae

Compound eyes

Hard exoskelton



Inside this lesson, you will learn:

What are the major characteristics that define Insects?
What is the difference between complete and incomplete metamorphosis?
How to use a dichotomous key to identify Insects.
Common features across different Insect Orders.

To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

  1. Grades (K-12) – What Are Insects? https://www.thoughtco.com/what-are-insects-1968416
  2. Grades (K-6) – Metamorphosis
  1. Grades (7-12) – Difference Between Complete & Incomplete Metamorphosis https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-incomplete-and-vs-complete-metamorphosis/
    1. Grades (K-12) Using Dichotomous Keys: Insect Orders

Have your kids go outside on a nature walk to look for insects. Take a jar with holes in the lid to provide air for the insect. Use these guides to help students through learning about these differences.

Grades (PreK-2) – Insect Investigations https://learning-center.homesciencetools.com/article/early-elementary-insects-science-lesson/

Grades (3-12) – Dichotomous Keys: Insect Orders http://jmgkids.us/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Ordering-insects-printable.pdf

Grades (3-12) –  Insect Dichotomous Key: Student Investigation https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://www.flippedoutscience.com/uploads/2/7/8/2/27824091/insect_dichotomous_key_student_activity.pdf

Grades (K-12) – Insect Identification: A Key to Identifying Insect Orders https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://www.knowyourinsects.org/Key%20to%20Insect%20Orders.pdf

Useful links:

  1. 50 Activities for Playing & Learning with Insects (grades PreK-4) https://theimaginationtree.com/50-activities-for-playing-and-learning/
  2. Visual Dichotomous Key for Insect Orders (grades 3-12) http://jmgkids.us/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Ordering-insects-printable.pdf
  3. Monarch Butterfly Metamorphosis (short video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ocWgSgMGxOc

TEKS Alignments
Life Cycles 1.10D, 3.10B, 4.10C
Structure & Function  7.11A
Environmental Systems 112.37 Using Dichotomous Keys 4A

..….END LESSON 3 ……………………………….

LESSON 2 – Week 3 – 6-16-2020

What Are Ecosystem Services & Why Are Pollinators Important?

Now that we’ve started learning about what pollination is, and more about the animals, mostly insects, that perform this service, we’re going to now learn about why pollination is so important to not only humans, but to all ecosystems. Pollination is considered a critical service provided by healthy terrestrial ecosystems. What is an Ecosystem Service? There are 4 categories of services that intact ecosystems provide, these are provisions, regulations, support, & culture.




Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What does ecosystem service mean?
The 4 categories of ecosystem services & examples of each.
The ecosystem services that pollinators provide.
Why pollinators are critical to protect.
Outdoor Activity: Observe an area with wildflowers & list the Organisms & Ecosystem Services (grades K-12)
Writing exercise: Observe a painting & describing the Ecosystem Services (grades 9-12)





To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:Ecosystem-ServicesDownloadWhy-Care-About-PollinatorsDownload

  1. Grades (K-12) – Ecosystem Services Teacher/Leader Guide (pdf Attachment)
    1. Grades (K-12) – Why Pollinators Are Important Teacher/Leader Guide (pdf Attachment)
  2.  Grades (6-12) – Ecosystem Services: An Example Using Pollination (power point) https://www.slideshare.net/antaisce/pollination-case-study

Hands-on activities to understand ecosystem services:

  1. Grade level K-12 – Describe the Ecosystem Services: Observe a Pollinator Habitat

Observe an outdoor area that has wildlflowers for 45min. Observe the pollinators at work, list all the ecosystem services occurring in the pollinator habitat. Encourage your kids to make flow charts or draw arrows among the organisms. Help them to apply the 4 categories of ecosystem services, and to include the links to pollinators & pollination. 

  1. Grades (9-12) – Introducing Ecosystem Services: Writing Assignment Observing a Painting

https://www.chicagobotanic.org/downloads/nasa/Unit_1_Grades_10-12_Activity_1.4_EcosystemServices.pdf

Helpful links:

  1. Grades (K-12) – Pollinators Need You. You need Pollinators. https://pollinator.org/pollinators
  2. Grades (K-12) – Why are Butterflies Important? https://sciencing.com/plants-animals-germany-6775765.html
  3. Grades (K-12) – Lists of Pollinated Foods https://pollinator.org/list-of-pollinated-food
  4. Grades (3-12) –  What are Pollinators & Why Do We Need Them? https://ento.psu.edu/pollinators/resources-and-outreach/what-are-pollinators-and-why-do-we-need-them

TEKS Alignments
Interdependence: Flow of Energy 3.9-4.9B
Interdependence: Basic Needs 3.9-5.9A, 7.10B
Environmental Systems 112.37 Relationships Among Biotic & Abiotic factors 4G-H



……..END LESSON 2 …………………………………………

LESSON 1 – Week 3 – 6-15-2020

Pollination

This week we will be learning about pollination & the animal pollinators (mostly insects) that do this job. In the simplest terms, pollination is what insects do to help plants make seeds.  Over millions of years, flowers have evolved a remarkable range of strategies to guarantee that male pollen is transferred to female flower parts so fertilization and seed production can occur. This is what we call pollination, and it is a necessary requirement for all seeds & most fruits to be produced. Pollination is the primary source of genetic diversity in flowering plants, which have additional capabilities of reproducing in other ways (vegetative reproduction), creating clones of the parent plant. Genetic variation is needed for organisms, including plants, to maintain healthy populations that are sustainable – ones that are resistant to disturbances, and resilient when they are disrupted.

Wind pollination is the oldest form of pollination & it is common among plants with small pollen grains like those in grasses and many trees. Animal pollination is a more efficient method, where plants have evolved to lure unsuspecting animal partners to inadvertently make the transfer as they search for food. Insects — beetles, ants, flies, bees, wasps, butterflies & moths — conduct most of the animal pollination, while hummingbirds & bats are also important pollinators. Insect pollinators have physical characteristics that make them very efficient locating flowers & transferring pollen among flowers.



Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What is Pollination?
What are the parts of flower & how are they involved in pollination?
What are the types of pollination?
What are pollinators?
What type of flowers attract different pollinators?
What are the different strategies plants use to make their flowers attractive to pollinators?
Hands-on activities to help kids learn flower traits & their pollinator pals.


To complete this lesson you will need:

  1. Grades (K-12) The Beauty of Pollination (short video) http://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/24197729858
  2. Grades (K-12) – Pollination Facts for Kids – general overview of pollination https://kids.kiddle.co/Pollination
  3. Grades (K-12) – How a Garden Works – Pollination (plant parts/pollination tutorial & infographics) https://kidsgrowingstrong.org/pollination/

Plant Traits & Pollinators They Attract GuideDownload

  1. Grades (K-12) – Plant Traits & Pollinators They Attract Guide (attached PDF)
  2. Grades (K-12) – Insecta Spectra (short video)

Hands-on activities to learn about pollination & plant parts:

  1. Grade level K-6 – Celebrating Wildlfowers: Pollinators (outdoor 20min observational activity) https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/kids/teacher/documents/10pollinators.pdf
    1. Grade level K-5 – Dissecting Plant Parts (Teacher guide)   

https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/kids/teacher/documents/k5_DesertGardeners_flowerDissection.pdf

Grade level K-5 – Dissecting Plant Parts (student handout) https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/kids/teacher/documents/k5_DesertGardeners_flowerParts.pdf

  1. Grade level 5-12 – Plant & Flower Pollination – Dissect a flower & ID male vs female parts https://www.k6edu.com/science/plant-flower-pollination/
  2. Grade level K-12 – Cut-N-Color Bees, Butterflies & Flowers They Pollinate Outdoor Activity https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/kids/teacher/documents/k5_DesertGardeners_models_butterfly.pdf

https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/kids/teacher/documents/k5_DesertGardeners_models_bee.pdf

TEKS Alignment:
Structure & Function K.10A, K.10-2.10B
Interdependence: Flow of Energy 1.9C
Biology 112.34 Biological Systems Multileveled 10B



…….END Lesson 1 .. Week 3 ………………………………………..

LESSON 5 – Week 2 – 6-12-2020

What Habitat Does Your Garden Support?

Now that we’ve learned about gardening, composting, and how to use patterns to learn about plant families, we’re going to focus on creating sustainable habitats with our gardens. Some gardens are for growing veggies we like to eat, but they also provide habitat for wildlife. Permaculture balances creating gardens that work for everything on the planet: the Earth (this includes insects, birds, and wildlife), other humans (not just ourselves, but our neighbors too!), and to share the abundance by taking only what we need, help others, and share. This lesson will focus on what makes a habitat healthy & the 4 essentials of all habitats.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
How do you define habitat?
What makes a healthy habitat?
What are the major habitats on Earth?
What are wildlife adaptations to their habitats?
How to design healthy habitat for insect pollinators. (grades 4-12)
Hands-on activities making insect hotels – no tools needed!
Hands-on activity observing & journaling variety of life supported in a single tree.

***Don’t forget to also focus on learning about & finding examples of the last plant family in our Basics of Botany lesson that started off the week. Today’s plant family: Asters (Sunflower) Family.***

To complete this lesson you will need:

Use the above Background to guide you as you teach your students through these lessons:

  1. Grade level K-4 – Land Habitats of the World (interactive infographic website)

https://www.dkfindout.com/us/animals-and-nature/habitats-and-ecosystems/land-habitats/

      Grade level K-4 – Land Habitats of the World Quiz  (interactive infographic website)                                           https://www.dkfindout.com/us/quiz/animals-and-nature/habitats-quiz/Background Teacher-guided ReadingDownload

  1. Grade level K-12 – What Is A Habitat?
    1. Grade level K-12 – What are Animal Adaptations to Habitats? (short video)
  1. Grade level K-4 What Is A Habitat? Backyard Adventure

https://sciencing.com/animal-habitat-lessons-kindergarten-10048859.html

Useful links:

  1. Grade level K-12 Plant & Garden STEM Activities https://www.kcedventures.com/blog/gardening-with-kids-measure-plant-growth
  2. Grade level K-8 Habitat Themes & Activities https://www.educatall.com/page/1030/Habitats.html
  3. Grade level K-12  Habitats & Ecosystems https://www.dkfindout.com/us/animals-and-nature/habitats-and-ecosystems/

Hands-on activities to learn about creating specific habitats & exploring your garden

  1. Grade level K-12 Simple Bug Hotel for Kids
  1. Grade level K-12 Observe & Journal Life In One Tree

Sit in outdoors  for 30-45min & observe a single tree. Take a notebook, list all the different creatures you can find and draw them. You will need to be quiet so you don’t disturb the wildlife.

  1. Grade level 4-12 Planning a Pollinator Habitat Teacher Lesson Plan https://kidsgardening.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/KG_lessonplans-planningapollinatorgarden.pdf
  2. Grade level K-12 Creating a Ladybug Habitat for Your Garden https://sciencing.com/make-ladybug-habitat-5057186.html

TEKS Alignments
Tools  K.4-2.4A, 3.4-5.4
Interdependence: Basic Needs 3.9-5.9A, 6.12E



…….END LESSON 5 ………………………………………………….

LESSON 4 – Week Two 6-11-2020

What’s the Difference?  Permaculture, Aquaculture & Hydroponics

Permaculture uses ecology applied to gardening to improve human health, while also improving the health of the land itself, and together these things improve the sustainability of the larger community. Permaculture sets out to make landscapes more resistant and resilient. Increased resistance means communities have overall better health and increased resilience means a community more likely to bounce back from natural or man-caused disasters. Resistance and resilience are what make communities sustainable, and sustainability is what Permaculture is all about.

Aquaculture is the farming of fish, shrimp, algae, and other seafood. Aquaculture supplies fresh and salt water fish (like catfish, salmon, and trout) with industrial farming conducted at very large scales. Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in liquid instead of soil, where soil nutrients are replace with chemical fertilizers, which are needed to feed the plants. At smaller scales, Aquaculture can be used to integrate raising fish for food harvest with growing plant-based foods adapted to growing in Hydroponics.  In this lesson, we introduce students to the growing field of Permaculture. The lesson briefly introduces Aquaculture and Hydroponic farming, and uses hands-on DIY projects to demonstrate Hydroponic techniques.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What is Permaculture & how does it work?
What are the 3 pillars of Permaculture?
What are the 12 guiding principles of Permaculture?  (grades 6-12)
What is Aquaculture? (grades 6-12)
How does Aquaculture differ from Permaculture? (grades 9-12)
Make your own Garden JumpStart Kit – a DIY hydroponic growing chamber to clone garden starts using 5gallon bucket, fish tank pump, foam collars (grades 8-12)*

*use the assembled growing chamber to engage in learning about all stages of plant growth with any age student

To complete this lesson you will need:

Use the above Background to guide you as you teach your students through these lessons:

  1. Grade level K-12 – The Garden: The Permaculture Song (short video)

PermacultureDownload

  1. Grade level K-12 – What Is Permaculture? (Background Teacher-guided Reading PDF Attachment)
  2. Grade level 6-12 – What Are the 12 Guiding Principles of Permaculture?

https://www.permaculture.co.uk/articles/what-permaculture-part-2-principles

  1. Grade level 6-12 Sustainable Aquaculture (short video)
  • Grade level 6-12 – Permaculture: Mono vs. Poly (short video)

Useful links:

  1. Grade level K-3 Shel Silverstein’s The Giving Tree https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1TZCP6OqRlE
  2. Grade level 4-12 Food Forest Card Game (purchase required for the cards, but informative info)

https://foodforestcardgame.com/pages/about

  1. Grade level 3-12 Will the Ocean Ever Run Out of Fish? (short video)

Hands-on activities to learn about Permaculture, Hydroponics, or Aquaculture:

  1. Grade level 6-12 Garden JumpStart Hydroponic Kit (PDF Attachment)

Garden-JumpStart-Hydroponic-KitDownload

TEKS Alignments
Disposal & Conservation K.1-8.1B
Natural Resources 4.7C
Environmental Systems 112.37 Interrelationships Among Resources in the Environment 5B,C; Human Impacts 9I,J

……END Lesson 4 …………………………………………………..

LESSON 3 – Week 2 – 6-10-20

What’s the Difference? Monocots & Dicots

Creating Container Gardens

We are going to learn about plants – specifically what are monocots & dicots? By focusing on patterns, kids will learn what characteristics are common to monocots and dicots. We will also have hands-on fun creating a container garden. You don’t need much space to create a container garden, and you can make one anywhere, out of almost anything! This lesson will show you how to start plants from seeds or from food scraps! Yes, your wasted food that you don’t eat can be re-grown again! Now that you know how to compost, you will learn how to use some of those scraps to regrow your garden. The ultimate recycling program!

Don’t forget to also focus on learning about & finding examples of the next 2 plants in our Basics of Botany lesson that started off the week. Today’s plant families: Lily Family, Grass Family. The Lily & Grass Families are both monocots, which refers to the fact that they sprout from a single cotyledon. Many of the most familiar plants are dicots – most of the plants referred to as ‘wildflowers’ are dicots, all trees are dicots (except palms, which are technically not actual trees because they don’t produce wood). Monocots make up most of the cereals & grains we eat – wheat, rye, corn, barley, rice, sugar cane are a few examples.




Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What are the differences between monocots & dicots?
How to create a container garden.
How can food scraps be turned into garden starts?
How to germinate seeds from beans as tool for learning parts – coat, embryo, cotyledon (grades 6-12).



To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

  1. Grades (K-5) – Monocot vs. Dicot – https://jmgkids.us/kids-zone/jmgkidsweb/monocotvsdicot/
  2. Grades (6-12) – Monocot vs Dicot https://www.diffen.com/difference/Dicot_vs_Monocot#History_of_the_Classification

Useful links:

  1. Container Gardening for Kids

https://www.thespruce.com/container-garden-projects-kids-will-love-847955

https://kidsgardening.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Container-Gardening-for-Kids.pdf

  1. List of Foods for Food Scrap Gardening

https://www.diyncrafts.com/4732/repurpose/25-foods-can-re-grow-kitchen-scraps

Hands-on activities to learn about plants & start your gardens:

  1. Grade level K-5 Monocot vs. Dicot Activity Guide

http://jmgkids.us/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Monocot-vs.-Dicot.pdf

  1. Grade level K-12 – Kitchen Scrap Gardening!

https://kidsgardening.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/KG_gardenactivities-kitchenscrapgardening.pdf

  1. Grade level 6-12 – Germinating Seeds & Learning Parts of the Seed (uploaded Attachment)

TEKS Alignments
Life Cycles K.10D
Biology 112.34 Taxonomy 8C, Biological Systems Multiple Levels 10



…..End LESSON 3 …………………………………………………

LESSON 2 – Week Two 6-9-20

                                     Soil: The Dirt on Composting

Today’s lesson will focus on composting. Before you can plant a garden, you need a good foundation, and that starts with the soil. Like a house needs a solid foundation to be built upon, so does your garden. And this is where what’s in your soil, and what’s missing from your soil, matters. This lesson is all about creating good soil by engaging in composting.

Don’t forget to also focus on learning about & finding examples of the next 2 plants in our Basics of Botany lesson that started off the week. Today’s plant families: Parsley Family, Pea Family.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What is compost?
Why is compost important to help protect the Earth?
Where does your garbage go when you put it in the trash?
What is a landfill?
What is biodegradable & what is not biodegradable?
What are the benefits of composting?
Log your waste: measure the daily waste the family creates.
Make a Mini-Composter using a 2L bottle, scissors, scraps & soil.






To complete this lesson you will need:

Start with the first lesson:

  1. Grades (K-4) – Composting for Kids (short video)

      The Ins & Outs of Compost – What You Can & Cannot Add

https://www.gardensthatmatter.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/The-Ins-and-Outs-of-Compost.pdf
  1. Grades (5-12) – Quick Start To Composting (short video)

Best Method of Composting Infographic

The-Ins-and-Outs-of-CompostDownload

      The Ins & Outs of Compost – What You Can & Cannot Add

https://www.gardensthatmatter.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/The-Ins-and-Outs-of-Compost.pdf

Hands-on activities to start your own compost pile:

  1. Grade level K-12 – Compost vs. Landfill Log: What Does My Family Create in Daily Waste?

Have your child collect the waste created from the food the family eats from an entire day – all containers, scraps, leftovers, etc. Use the Ins & Outs of Compost pdf to help them separate the waste into biodegradable and non-biodegradable piles. The items that can be composted are separated from the ones that cannot – this group will go into a landfill. Brainstorm how to reduce the landfill pile.

  1. Grade level K-12 – Make Your Own Mini-Composter (with 2 advanced activities for grades 6-12)

Attached PDF –Make-Your-Own-Mini-ComposterDownload

TEKS Alignments
Disposal & Conservation K.1-8.1B
Natural Resources K.7-1.7C
Interdependence: Basic Needs 8.11A
Earth & Space Science 112.36 Conducts Lab & Field Investigation 1B, Solid Earth 12D
Environmental Systems 112.37 Interrelationships among Resources 5F, Human Impact on Environment 9I

………… END LESSON ……………………………………………….

LESSON 1 – Week Two – 6-8-20

Gardening & Botany Module

Basics of Botany – Focus on Patterns!

This week we will be learning about gardening & plants. Before we go into details on creating gardens & planting seeds, we first want to start learning some basics about plants. Botany can be a difficult subject for kids because it is almost like learning another language –it can be overwhelming to memorize all the terms.

A different approach is to learn about plants not by trying to memorize parts or even their names, but to recognize patterns! And one thing humans are REALLY good at, is pattern recognition!

We are starting the week off with the Basics of Botany, introducing you to 9 general plant families, each with distinct patterns that you can use to teach your students the general characteristics they need to know to find what family group the plant represents. We recommend that you not try to learn all 9 in one day, but break them up throughout the week as follows:

  • Mustard & Mint Monday
    • Parsley & Pea Tuesday
    • Lily & Grass Wednesday
    • Rose & Mallow Thursday
    • Asters (Sunflowers) Friday

There are about 100 broad patterns that cover all plants across the continents of North & South America. Learn these 9 families & you’ll recognize >50,000 species. Practice them wherever you go! Remember, it’s not about the name of the plant, it’s about recognizing the patterns so you can use that information to find the name of the plant, using a book, online guide, or dichotomous keys. We will post a new gardening-focused lesson each day that will have hands-on activities that you can do to create your own gardens this week, while also learning about these 9 plant families as you engage. To keep it easier for younger ages, you can reduce the number of families they learn, or expand the time to 2 weeks for learning these concepts.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:

Learn the Pattern Method of plant ID, use it to learn 9 families.

Create your own plant press & collect examples of each family as you learn them.

To complete this lesson you will need (applies to all grades K-12):

Botany Basics Attachment

http://www.wildflowers-and-weeds.com/Plant_Identification/Patterns_in_Plants.htm

Use this abbreviated guide or the weblink as hands-on field guides to help you learn each family. http://www.collinsacademy.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Major-Plant-Families-6-8-1.pdf

Hands-on activities to do each day you learn about a plant family:

Collect a plant from each new family you learn, press it & label!

https://askabiologist.asu.edu/activities/create-your-own-herbarium

TEKS Alignments
Diversity of Life K.10C
Natural Resources 4.7C
Structure & Function K.10A, 3.10A, K.10-2.10B, 7.12C
Explanations & Conclusions 3.2-4.2D
Predicting & Modeling K.3-2.3B
Tools K.4B
Physical Properties K.5-1.5
Biology 112.34 Taxonomy 8C
Environmental Systems 112.37 Identify Relationships 4A

…..END Lesson 6 …………………………………………………

.

.

LESSON 5

Light Pollution

These family-friendly learning objectives are focused on helping students grasp concepts of light pollution as they apply to our observational studies of the universe and to wildlife on Earth that have adapted to dark skies.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What is light pollution?
How does light pollution impact our world?
What can I do to help this problem?
How does light pollution impact wildlife?
Conduct Outdoor Lighting Audits at your home or community. (grades 7-12)

To complete this lesson, you will need:

All age groups start with the first lesson:

  1. All Grades K-12– Dark Skies Initiative

https://mcdonaldobservatory.org/darkskies

This will provide background on what light pollution is, what it costs economically, how to help solve the problem, and more.

Hands-on activities to understand what light pollution is & how to monitor the impacts:

  1. Wild About Wildlife – How light Pollution Impacts Wildlife (K-3)
    1. Wildlife Shakedown: Observations of animal responses to light, light pollution & the night sky, what your favorite nocturnal animal would do if lights shine on their habitat. (see attached Wildlife Shakedown Document)
    2. Student workbook https://www.globeatnight.org/dsr/dsee/IDA%20Resources/IDA%20Workbooks/Wild%20about%20Wildlife%20Workbook%20Ages%205%20-9/Wild%20About%20Wildlife%20IDA%20Workbook.pdf
    3. Wild About Wildlife – How light Pollution Impacts Wildlife (4-6)
      1. Teacher Lesson Plan: https://www.globeatnight.org/dsr/dsee/IDA%20Resources/IDA%20Workbooks/Wild%20about%20Wildlife%20Workbook%20Ages%206%20-12/WildAboutWildlifeLessonPlan%204-6.pdf
      2. Flashcards: https://www.globeatnight.org/dsr/dsee/IDA%20Resources/IDA%20Workbooks/Wild%20about%20Wildlife%20Workbook%20Ages%206%20-12/Wildlife%20Flash%20Cards%204-6.pdf
      3. Student Workbook: https://www.globeatnight.org/dsr/dsee/IDA%20Resources/IDA%20Workbooks/Wild%20about%20Wildlife%20Workbook%20Ages%206%20-12/Wild%20About%20Wildlife%20Workbook%20Ages%206%20-12.pdf
      4. Wildlife Shakedown: Observations of local animals responses to light, light pollution & the night sky, what your favorite nocturnal animal would do if lights shine on their habitat.  (see attached Wildlife Shakedown Document)
    4. Outdoor Lighting Audit (7-12)
      1. Luxmeter app: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/lux-light-meter-pro/id1292598866
      2. Student key: https://www.globeatnight.org/dsr/dsee/Dark%20Skies%20Activities/Outdoor%20Lighting%20Audit%20Activity/Outdoor%20Lighting%20Audit%20Student%20Pages.pdf
      3. Teacher key: https://www.globeatnight.org/dsr/dsee/Dark%20Skies%20Activities/Outdoor%20Lighting%20Audit%20Activity/Outdoor%20Lighting%20Audit%20Teacher%20Guide.pdf

Wildlife-Shakedown-Attach-P5-6-5Download



…….END LESSON 5 …………………………………………………………..

LESSON 4

How Big is the Universe? Scales of Time, Distance & Size

These family-friendly learning objectives are focused on helping students grasp concepts of scale as they apply to time, distance and size across our solar system and in the universe.

Humans have problems understanding scales that they cannot directly relate to – if we can’t see it, it is difficult to understand. This is often called math anxiety, and even very intelligent people can have a hard time with scales. For example, how relevant is a billion to a trillion? Most of us have never seen a billion of anything, especially not in money! This is why large numbers applied to money can be unrelatable – it’s a matter of scale. If one penny represents one million dollars, then 1000 pennies (or $10) represents one billion dollars, and one million pennies (or $10,000) represents one trillion dollars. So, when looking at a trillion dollars, debating over a billion dollar expense would be the same as arguing about $10 out of a $10,000 expense. Apply this same size difference to time, and it is even more difficult to grasp – one million seconds = 11.5 days, one billion seconds = 31.5 years! Scale is equally challenging to grasp when it comes to space. These exercises are designed to address problems of scale in our Universe, with emphasis on calculations of scale in our Solar System.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
Order of the planets & how to draw that to scale?
Relative sizes & distances of objects in our Solar system?
Calculate the Earth-to-Moon ratio. (grades 3-12)
What is a spiral galaxy? (grades 9-12)
How are spiral galaxies arranged? (grades 9-12)
Do stars collide?  (grades 9-12)
Do galaxies collide? (grades 9-12)
Build Mystery Planet Models with Play Dough (grades 3-12)
Build a scale model of our galaxy with cotton balls, glitter, poster board & polyester batting  (grades 9-12)

To complete this lesson, you will need:

All age groups start with the first lesson:

  1. All Grades K-12– Scale Distances in the Solar System https://mcdonaldobservatory.org/sites/default/files/ScaleDistancesSolarSystem-teacher.pdf

Using a long thin strip of paper, students first try to guess the relative distances between the Sun, solar system members, and Pluto. Afterwards the teacher instructs them to fold the paper in a special sequence to discover the proper spacing.

Hands-on activities to understand Scales in the Universe:

  1. Grade level K-12 – Solar System: Planets to Scale –https://science-mattersblog.blogspot.com/2010/12/solar-system-planets-to-scale.html
  2. Grade level 3-12 – Scale Models with Play Dough –https://stardate.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teachers/ScaleModels.pdf
  3. Grade level 3-12 – Calculate the Earth-to-Moon ratio (Activity: Extend p 21) –https://stardate.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teacher/ScaleModels.pdf
  4. Grades 9-12 – Make Your Own Galaxy: Student Calculations & Teacher Guide – https://mcdonaldobservatory.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teachers/build_your_own_galaxy.pdf

Student guide: – https://mcdonaldobservatory.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teachers/5-E_Galaxy_S.pdf

Teacher guide: – https://mcdonaldobservatory.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teachers/5-E_Galaxy_T.pdf

TEKS Alignments:
Predicting and Modeling K.3-8.3B
Objects in the Sky 8.8A-B
Space Exploration 8.8D
Earth and Space Science 112.36 Earth in Space and Time (4A)
Mathematics: 111.34 Geometry (11B,D)

…….END LESSON 4 ……………………………………………..


LESSON 3

Our Moon & the Moon Phases

Here we have provided links to several activities, each specific for a range of grade levels. These family-friendly learning activities are focused on the Earth’s Moon, and all incorporate hands-on arts+crafts.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What is the Earth’s moon made of?
What makes our Moon glow?
Why does our Moon look like it changes shape & what are lunar phases?
Is there a ‘dark side’ of the Moon?
How did our Moon form?
What is our Moon’s job?
What is a satellite?
Make your own moon craters with a pan of flour, powdered coco mix, marbles & flashlight (grades K-8)
Make your own Moon phases diorama with a pencil, Styrofoam ball & flashlight (grades 1-6)
Record your own Moon Observation Log to understand the phases (grades K-8)
Make your own Lunar Rover with cardboard, rubber bands, pencil, tape & scissors (grades 6-12)

To complete this lesson, you will need:

All age groups start with the first lesson:

  1. All Grades (K-12) – All About the Moon   –    https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/all-about-the-moon/en/
  2. All Grades (K-12) – Earth’s Moon: Our Natural Satellite   –  https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/moons/earths-moon/overview/

Hands-on activities to understand our Moon:

  1. Grade level K- 8 – Moon Craters from Flour & Coco Mix (Extension Activity pg 12)  – https://stardate.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teachers/ObservingTheMoon.pdf
  2. Grade level 1-6 – Moon Phases Diorama   –  https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/edu/teach/activity/moon-phases/
  1. Grade level 6-12 – Lunar Rover Design   –  https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/edu/teach/activity/roving-on-the-moon/

Students (grades 6-8) have additional modules that meet TEKS alignments in Science & Mathematics:

  1. Grade Levels 6-8 Modeling the Earth-Moon System: https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/edu/teach/activity/modeling-the-earth-moon-system/
    • In this activity, you will learn using an assortment different sized balls, to measure diameter, calculate distance and scale, and build a model of the Earth-Moon system.

TEKS Alignments:
Cycles and Patterns K.8-8.8B, K.8-8.8C, 1.8-8.8B, 1.8-8.8C, 8.7A-C
Objects in the Sky 3.8-8.8D
Investigative Reasoning 4 Tools 3.4-4.4
Changes in Motion 6.8
Forms of Energy & Transformations 6.8A
Mathematics: 1111.26 Proportionality (4A-C, 5A); 1111.27 Proportionality (4A-B); 111.43 Mathematical Models with Applications, Modeling in science & engineering (5-6)

END ……

……………END LESSON 3 ……………………

LESSON 2

What is the Milky Way?

Here we have provided links to several activities, each specific for a range of grade levels. These family-friendly learning activities are focused on stars and galaxies, and all incorporate hands-on arts+crafts.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:
What are galaxies & what are they made of?
What & where is our solar system?
What is the Milky Way?
Why is it called the Milky Way?
What have other cultures called the Milky Way? (grades 9-12)
What are light-years?
How far are light years & how do you calculate distance? (grades 8-12)
How to make glow-in-the-dark* galaxies (grades 9-12)
How to make pinwheel galaxies (grades K-8)

*don’t have glow-in-the-dark paint? No problem!  These can easily be made with standard paints, you just can’t see them in the dark.

To complete this lesson you will need:

All age groups start with the first lesson:

  1. All Grades (K-12) – What is a galaxy? https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/galaxy/en/

Hands-on activity to make a galaxy:

  1. Grade level (K with supervision) 1- 8 – Make Pinwheel Galaxy https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/pinwheel-galaxy/en/

Students (grades 9-12) have additional modules that meet TEKS alignments in Social Studies & Fine Arts:

  1. Grade Levels 9-12 (Fine Arts & Social Studies Activities) https://stardate.org/teachers/activities/milkyway
  • In this activity, you will learn about past cultures and their relationship to our galaxy through their cultural interpretation. Further learning about other cultures is included to expand this learning concept for more in-depth understanding.
    • Make glow-in-the-dark* spiral galaxies, locating the position of our Sun.

Students (grades 8-12) have additional modules that meet TEKS alignments in Science (grade 8) & Astronomy (grades 9-12):

  1. Grade Levels 9-12 (Stars and Galaxies) https://stardate.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/teachers/StarsGalaxies.pdf
  • In this activity, you will apply concepts of scale to grasp the distances between stars and galaxies. You will use this understanding to elaborate on the question, Do galaxies collide?

TEKS Alignments:
Objects in the Sky K.8C
Space Exploration 8.8D
Astronomy 9-12.6C, 9-12.6E
Social Studies: World Geography Studies 113.43 Culture (16B)
Fine Arts: Level I 117.302 Creative Expression (2A)
Photograph courtesy Wikipedia.org

END

………….END LESSON 2 ………………………………………………………………………………………………..

LESSON 1

How To Find the North Star?

This is a family learning activity that can be adapted for all ages, K-12. This quick and fun learning module is focused on the North Star. We encourage Teachers & Parent Educators to follow the links to use these helpful tools to teach your kids with interactive and hands-on activities that include arts+crafts.

Inside this lesson, you will learn:

What is the North Star?

How do you find the North Star?

Why is it called Polaris?

What is celestial north pole?

What are constellations?

How to make glow-in-the-dark* constellations

To complete this lesson you will need:

Read this link: https://www.science-sparks.com/how-to-find-the-north-star/

Constellation Maps/Pictures: https://www.constellation-guide.com/constellation-list/

Optional: Glow-In-the-Dark Constellations – glow in the dark paint, black card, sticky stars

*don’t have glow-in-the-dark paint? No problem!  These can easily be made with standard paints, you just can’t see them in the dark.

After you make your constellation pictures, we hope you will share them below in the comments!

The North Star is also known as Polaris. Why? This is the star that is closest to the celestial north pole, or the imaginary points in the sky where the Earth’s axis of rotation, indefinitely extended, intersects in space. This makes it appear directly overhead in a fixed position. While all the constellations and planets rise and set, the North Star stays nearly fixed in the Northern Hemisphere sky. This makes it easier to find.

Polaris, or the North Star, sits almost directly above the North Pole. Stars that sit directly above the Earth’s North or South Pole are called Pole Stars. Polaris hasn’t always been, nor will it always be the Pole Star because the Earth’s axis changes slightly over time, and stars move in relation to each other over time. The Earth wobbles on it’s axis as it rotates which means over time it points to different stars.

Is the North Star the brightest star in the night sky? No! But it is the brightest star in the Constellation Ursa Minor, or The Little Dipper. This makes it easy to find, once you know what the Little Dipper looks like, you just need to find the brightest of the 7 stars (HINT: it’s located at the tip of the handle!)

TEKS Alignments: Objects in the sky, K.8-8.8

Photographs courtesy Wikipedia.org

END OF LESSON ONE … Scroll UP for Lesson Two

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